Present Simple Tense – Form and usage

(also known as the Simple Present)

This is the basic, every day tense that we use in English. We use it for:

General things

The sky is blue.

Actions we repeat

We always eat lunch at 1pm.

Instructions

Read a book to improve your English.

Fixed arrangements

The train for Paris leaves every Wednesday.

 

Present Simple with the verb “be”

‘Be’ is an irregular verb which is why we are using it to give you examples.

 

The Positive Form of ‘be’          The Positive Short Form of ‘be’

I am                                                  I’m

You are                                            You’re

He is                                                 He’s

She is                                               She’s

It is                                                   It’s

We are                                            We’re

They are                                          They’re

 

The Negative Form of ‘be’       The negative Short Form of ‘be’

I am not                                          I’m not

You are not                                     You’re not

He is not                                          He’s not

She is not                                        She’s not

It is not                                            It’s not

We are not                                     We aren’t

You are not                                     You aren’t

They are not                                   They aren’t

 

Making questions in the Present Simple tense

 

When we make a question, we move the pronoun (he, she, it etc.) to the opposite side:

Am I?

Are you?

Is he?

Are they?

 

And so on…

 

This also applies to ‘wh’ questions:

Where is she?

Who am I?

Why are we?

When is it?

How are you?

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