What is a Gerund (Verb+ing)?

How do I use gerunds with like, hate, and love?

The gerund form of a verb (also often referred to as the “ing” form) is made by taking the infinitive form of a verb, for example, to go and adding “+ ing” to it.

So, in the case of the verb to go:

To go  → go + ing = going

Let’s take another example,

To drink → drink + ing = drinking

The gerund basically behaves like a noun and is used in the same way – and it is especially common for certain verbs like to love, to hate, and to like to have a gerund following them:

I love swimming.

I hate running.

I like eating.

I love going to the cinema.

My son hates getting up in the morning.

2 simple rules for using Gerunds

  1. Gerunds (also often referred to as the “ing” form of a verb) DO NOT take any articles (definite or indefinite – “the” or “a” – see here for explanation on how to use the definite or indefinite article).

So, for example, one CANNOT say: The driving, or A driving:

WRONG: The driving from Manchester to London was very long.

CORRECT: The drive from Manchester to London was very long.

WRONG: I like the swimming.

CORRECT: I like swimming

  1. Gerunds can be used as a noun.

For example:

Common Examples of Gerunds

INFINITIVE FORM GERUND FORM
To be being
To clean Cleaning
To come Coming
To do Doing
To fly Flying
To give Giving
To listen Listening
To fly Flying
To live living
To watch Watching
To study Studying
To socialize Socializing
To teach Teaching
To learn Learning
To be Being
To buy Buying
To shop Shopping
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