Gerunds

What is a Gerund?

The Gerund, or the ‘-ing’ form of a verb, is most often used with certain other verbs (for example, like, love, enjoy, suggest, recommend, avoid, miss, hate, and many more – see a longer list here).

  • I like eating
  • I enjoy swimming in the sea.
  • I suggest going out for dinner.
  • I hate cleaning my room.

Or when using the gerund in the negative form:

  • I don’t like doing my homework.
  • I don’t enjoy eating
  • We don’t recommend staying at that hotel.

Gerunds are also often used as nouns in a sentence as the subject or the object:

  • Eating healthy food is good for you.
  • Bicycling is my favourite hobby.
  • Driving fast can be dangerous.

Remember: there is no article (definite or indefinite) before a gerund:

  • WRONG: I enjoy the
  • WRONG: The swimming is my favourite hobby.
  • WRONG: The reading is good for improving your English.

 

Making the Gerund

The gerund is made by taking the infinitive of the verb and adding ‘ing.’

Be + ing = being

Go + ing = going

Come + ing = coming                    if the verb ends in an e, then you must remove the e before adding —ing (except in be, see above)

Swim + ing = swimming                If the verb ends in a vowel and a consonant, then you must double the consonant (in one-syllable verbs)

Die + ing = dying                            If the verb ends in ie then you must replace the ie with a y-ing

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