A comparative adjective does what it says: it compares two things, or groups of things. We need to form a comparative adjective to show what is most or what tops a category.
We form a comparative adjective for a one-syllable adjective by adding -er and -est to the adjective:
Big : bigger : biggest
Small : smaller : smallest
|Noun (subject)||+ verb||+ comparative adjective||+ than||+ noun (object)|
|My dog||is||bigger (big + g + er)||than||your dog.|
Form a comparative adjective for a two-syllable adjective by adding -ier and -iest to the adjective:
Pretty : prettier : prettiest
Happy: happiest : happiest
Fine: finer : finest
Finally, form the comparative adjective for two or more syllables by adding the word ‘more’ and ‘the most’.
Beautiful : more beautiful : the most beautiful
Delicate : more delicate : the most delicate
Be careful: good, bad, and far take special forms as they are irregular:
Good : better : the best
- Those bottles of wine are good.
- That vintage is better.
- In my opinion, this one is the best.
Bad : worse : the worst
- Her injuries are bad.
- Their injuries are worse.
- His injuries are the worst.
Far : further : the furthest
- Kristof had to travel far to get here.
- Anfal had to travel further than Kristof did.
- Gian had to travel the furthest of all of us.
We don’t say:
That muffin is
more bigger than this one.
That muffin is bigger than this one.
We don’t Say:
the most tall in the choir.
She is the tallest in the choir.
We don’t say:
I found that book to be
interestinger than his first book.
I found that book to be more interesting than his first book.