Adjectives: using the Comparative and Superlative

A comparative adjective does what it says: it compares two things, or groups of things. We need to form a comparative adjective to show what is most or what tops a category.

NOTE: when a one-syllable adjective ends in a vowel and a consonant, then remember to double the consonant (see the example below). 

Form

We form a comparative adjective for a one-syllable adjective by adding -er and -est to the adjective:

Big : bigger : biggest

Small : smaller : smallest

Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object)
My dog is bigger (big + g + er) than your dog.

Form a comparative adjective for a two-syllable adjective by adding -ier and -iest to the adjective:

Pretty : prettier : prettiest

Happy: happiest : happiest

Fine: finer : finest

Finally, form the comparative adjective for two or more syllables by adding the word ‘more’ and ‘the most’.

Beautiful : more beautiful : the most beautiful

Delicate : more delicate : the most delicate

Be careful: good, bad, and far take special forms as they are irregular:

Good : better : the best

  • Those bottles of wine are good.
  • That vintage is better.
  • In my opinion, this one is the best.

 

Bad : worse : the worst

  • Her injuries are bad.
  • Their injuries are worse.
  • His injuries are the worst.

Far : further : the furthest

  • Kristof had to travel far to get here.
  • Anfal had to travel further than Kristof did.
  • Gian had to travel the furthest of all of us.

Be careful!

We don’t say:

That muffin is more bigger than this one.

We say:

That muffin is bigger than this one.

We don’t Say:

She is the most tall in the choir.

We say:

She is the tallest in the choir.
We don’t say:

I found that book to be interestinger than his first book.

We say:

I found that book to be more interesting than his first book.

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