English Grammar explained: from simple to advanced

How to use this site?

Our grammar explanations are below (just click on the link and you will see explanations and examples).

We have organised our site so that you can work through it in a logical way, as if you were studying for your language exams.

Good luck and email us if you have any comments or questions and we will be delighted to help and guide you!


CEFR Level A1 Grammar List (Basic User, Beginning to Elementary English)

“Can communicate in basic English with help from the listener.” Cambridge English

Adjectives: common and demonstrative  Adverbs of frequency Adjectives: Comparatives and superlatives
Going to How much/how many and very Common uncountable nouns
Using “I’d like…” Imperatives, positive and negative Using Intensifiers – a very basic introduction
Modals: can/can’t/could/couldn’t Past simple of “to be” Making the Past Simple
Possessive adjectives and Possessive Pronouns Possessives Prepositions, common
Prepositions of place Prepositions of time In, on, at − Prepositions
Present continuous Present simple Pronouns: simple, personal
Questions Using ‘There is’ and ‘There are’ ‘To be’, including making questions + negatives
Verb + ing: like/hate/love  What are ‘Stative’ and ‘Dynamic’ verbs?  Common Irregular Verbs

CEFR Level A2 (Basic User, Elementary to Pre-Intermediate)

“Can communicate in English within a limited range of contexts.” Cambridge English

Using “Would” with Conditionals

Adjectives – Using the Comparative Adjectives: Comparative, than and definite article (the) Adjectives – using the superlative
The definite article Adverbial phrases of time, place and frequency – including word order Adverbs of frequency
Articles with countable nouns Articles with uncountable nouns Countables and Uncountables
Using much and many Future Simple Tense Gerunds
Going to Imperatives Modals – can/could
Modals – have to Modals – should Past continuous
Past simple Future Time (will and going to)
Prepositional phrases (place, time, and movement) Prepositions of time: on/in/at Present continuous
Difference between Present Simple and Present Continuous Present continuous for future Present perfect
Questions Verb + ing/infinitive: like want-would like
Wh-questions in past Making the Zero Conditional Making the 1st Conditional

CEFR Level B1 (Independent User, Intermediate)

“Can communicate essential points and ideas in familiar contexts.” Cambridge English

Adverbs Intensifiers in more detail: such as, too, enough Comparatives and superlatives
Complex question tags Making Conditionals, 2nd, and 3rd Connecting words expressing cause and effect, contrast etc.
Future continuous Modals – must/can’t deduction Modals – might, may, will, probably
Modals – should have/might have/etc. Modals: must/have to Past continuous
Past perfect Past simple Past tense responses
Phrasal verbs, extended Present perfect continuous The difference between the Present Perfect and Past Simple
Reported speech (range of tenses) The simple Passive ‘Wh’− questions in the past
Will and going to, for prediction Connecting words expressing cause and effect, contrast etc. Linkers: sequential past time
Collocations Colloquial language

CEFR B2 Level Grammar List

“Can use English effectively, with some fluency, in a range of contexts.” Cambridge English

Adjectives and adverbs in more detail Future Continuous Future Perfect
Future perfect continuous, Mixed Conditionals Modals – can’t have, needn’t have
Modals Verbs & Probability: deduction and speculation Narrative tenses Passives
Past perfect Past Perfect Continuous Phrasal verbs, extended
Relative clauses Reported speech ‘Will and going to’ for prediction
Wish Would expressing habits, in the past

CEFR C1 Level Grammar List (Effective Operational Proficiency)

“Able to use English fluently and flexibly in a wide range of contexts.” Cambridge English

Futures (revision)

Inversion with negative adverbials

Mixed conditionals in past, present, and future: Mixed Conditionals Part 1, Mixed Conditionals Part 2, and Mixed Conditionals Part 3

Modals in the past

Narrative tenses for experience, incl. passive

Passive forms, all

Phrasal verbs, especially splitting

Wish/if only regrets


CEFR C2 (Mastery)

“Highly proficient – can use English very fluently, precisely and sensitively in most contexts.” Cambridge English